Your child 1-3 years

Water, an essential food


A child is vulnerable to dehydration. Once again this year, Bichat's interviews recalled the child's water needs, which are often poorly respected. To your bottles!

The kidney of the child is immature

  • Until the age of 2-3, a child's kidney can not concentrate or dilute urine as well as that of an adult. It absorbs little glucose and hardly eliminates bicarbonates. Result: the kidney poorly adjusts the water outlets compared to the inputs.

The child does not have the reflex to drink

  • Either because he is too busy with his activitiesor because he is unaware of the needs of his body, a child does not hydrate sufficiently. In practice, it absorbs only 2/3 of the water intake recommended by the EFSA (European Food Safety Authority), namely 910 ml / day for children between 2-3 years and 1120 ml / day for 4-8 years old.

Beware of dehydration

  • With a higher surface area / weight ratio as the adult, the child records proportionally larger water losses via the skin. The risk of dehydration increases, especially in case of fever or episodes of gastroenteritis. You have to be careful, especially with toddlers.

Water: good reflexes

- Make your child drink small amounts of water regularly: before school, at noon, before and after the sport, while doing his homework ...

- Offer him foods rich in water: fruits, vegetables, soups, sherbets.

- Always have a bottle of water available.

Maryse Damiens

What water to give your child? What are his needs? Is tap water reliable? Our quiz.

Come share your experience and questions about our Food Forum.